Carnival of Carnage
ICP Carnival of Carnage
Studio album by Insane Clown Posse
Released October 18, 1992
Recorded 1991–1992
Miller Midi Productions
(Detroit, Michigan)
The Tempermill Studio
(Ferndale, Michigan)
Genre Midwest hip hop, horrorcore
Label Psychopathic
Producer(s) Joseph Bruce, Mike Clark, Esham, Chuck Miller
Insane Clown Posse chronology
Carnival of Carnage

Carnival of Carnage is the debut album of American hip hop group Insane Clown Posse, released on October 18, 1992, by Psychopathic Records. Recording sessions for the album took place from 1991 to 1992 at Miller Midi Productions and The Tempermill Studio. The album is the first Joker's Card in the group's Dark Carnival mythology. The album's lyrics describe the Carnival of Carnage as a representation of the violence that occurs within the ghettos, which takes the form of a traveling carnival to enact the same brutality on the upper class.

Carnival of Carnage was the first album on which Insane Clown Posse collaborated with producer Mike E. Clark, who would work with the group throughout much of their career. It features guest appearances by popular Detroit rappers Esham and Kid Rock. The album features the only recorded appearances of member John Kickjazz, who left the group prior to the album's release. Although the album did not initially sell well, it became eligible for gold certification by the RIAA in 2010.



Main article: Insane Clown Posse

Joseph Bruce, Joseph Utsler, and John Utsler formed a hip hop group in 1990.[1] Under the stage names Violent J, 2 Dope, and John Kickjazz, the group began performing at local night clubs under the name of their gang, Inner City Posse.[1] By late 1991, the group had invested more money into production than was covered by returns. They decided that their gangsta rap style was the cause of the problem: Most emcees at the time used similar styles, making it difficult for Inner City Posse to distinguish itself stylistically.[2] Referring to local rapper Esham's acid rap style, Bruce suggested the band adapt this genre, in a bid to have Detroit represent acid rap, much as Los Angeles represented gangsta rap. The group agreed, but not to copying the style of Esham closely. Instead, they suggested using horror-themed lyrics as an emotional outlet for all their negative life experiences. They were also unanimous in deciding not to rap openly about Satan, which Esham often did.[2]

After the change in musical style, the group decided that it needed a new name. Utsler suggested keeping the "I.C.P." initials to inform the community that Inner City Posse was not defunct, an idea to which the group agreed.[2] Several names were considered before Bruce recalled his dream of a clown running around in Delray, which became the inspiration for the group's new name: Insane Clown Posse. The other members agreed, deciding that they would take on this new genre and name, and would all don face paint due to the success of their former clown-painted hype man.[2]


Carnival of Carnage began recording at Miller Midi Productions in Detroit, Michigan with Chuck Miller producing and mastering the album.[2] Miller charged the group US$6,000 to produce the songs "Red Neck Hoe," "Psychopathic," "Fuck Your Rebel Flag," and part of "Night of the Axe."[3] Seeing that they were being overcharged, Alex Abbiss made his first major managerial move by finding another producer, Mike E. Clark.[3] The group finished recording the album with Clark at The Tempermill Studio in Ferndale, Michigan. Clark mastered his part of the album at Rythmatic Studio, and continued to work with the group throughout their career.

Original group member John Kickjazz appeared on the songs "Your Rebel Flag," "Psychopathic," "Blacken' Your Eyes," "Wizard of the Hood," "Red Neck Hoe," and "Taste."[4] "Carnival of Carnage" was originally recorded by Esham at Hells Doors Studio, but he pronounced "carnage" as "carnicks" and refused to redo it.[4] The final version of the song was recorded by Joseph Bruce over a reversed recording of the original.[4]

Awesome Dre was originally going to do a verse on "Taste." While Insane Clown Posse waited in the studio for him to arrive, Esham suggested that he appear on the track instead for the same amount of money, and the group allowed him to record a verse. Esham was paid $500 for his appearance.[4] Kid Rock demanded a hundred more than Esham, and was paid $600 to appear on "Is That You?"[4] He showed up to record the song intoxicated, but re-recorded his vocals and record scratching the following day.[4]

Joker's CardsEdit

Carnival of Carnage is the first Joker's Card in Insane Clown Posse's Dark Carnival, the fictional mythology of the concept album series used in much of their discography.[5] The Dark Carnival is a concept of the afterlife in which souls are sent to a form of limbo while waiting to be sent to heaven or hell based on their individual actions. These concepts are related by Insane Clown Posse in a series of albums called the six Joker's Cards. Each of the six Joker's Cards relate to a specific character — an entity of the Dark Carnival — that tries to "save the human soul" by showing the wicked inside of one's self.[6][7]


This Joker's Card is a representation of the ghettos and the violence that occurs within them.[8][9] It takes the form of a traveling carnival which releases the same brutality on those who have ignored the inner cities' cries for help.[9] The Card issues a warning against the upper-class and government's negligence toward the lower classes.[8][9] The cover of Carnival of Carnage was drawn by Joseph Utsler, who would later create artwork for the rest of the albums in the Joker's Cards series.[1]



Mike Clark samples Johnny "Hammond" Smith's "Big Sur Suite", from Smith's 1974 album Higher Ground, and Black Sabbath's "The Wizard", from their 1970 debut album, in his production of "Never Had It Made."[10] Joseph Bruce samples several clips from the film The Wizard of Oz in "Wizard of the Hood." The song "Psychopathic" features a sample of "Halloween theme" from the Halloween film franchise.


Joseph Bruce uses elements of political hip hop throughout the album. Many of his lyrics were derived from his experiences of growing up in a poor family that was neglected by the government. He and his brother Robert used to escape from their poverish reality by gathering themselves in a forest called "Picker Forest". Joe cites "Picker Forest" as a strong influence on the Dark Carnival mythology which began with this album.[11] The themes of the Dark Carnival also derived from a dream Bruce had shortly after the group adopted it's new name, in which spirits in a traveling carnival appeared to him.[2]

"Red Neck Hoe" and "Your Rebel Flag" stem from the group's anti-bigotry philosophy, based on various experiences witnessed by Bruce.[12] As a teenager, he had briefly lived in Bonnie Doone, North Carolina, a trailer park town just outside of Fort Bragg, where his brother Robert had been staying with the U.S. Army. There, Joseph witnessed firsthand the hatred and open racism directed toward African American citizens, as well as the minorities serving in the Army, and became disgusted and infuriated with the actions that took place.[12] "Wizard of the Hood" was originally written by Bruce sometime in the late 1980s.[13] The first recorded version of the song appeared on the Intelligence and Violence EP under the name "Wizard of Delray."[13] The Carnival of Carnage version is derived from a 1991 recording which appeared on the EP Dog Beats.[13]


Insane Clown Posse were asked to perform at Ferris State University in promotion of the album, their first performance under their new name.[14][15] A snowstorm delayed the group's performance, and because there were no microphones, the performance consisted of Bruce and Utsler "yelling over [their] own cassette".[14][15] After they finished their two-song set, Bruce stated that the audience "didn't cheer or boo. They just stood there, stunned."[14][15] Bruce and Utsler later learned that the actual concert had taken place on the other side of the college three hours earlier, but decided that the mishap "wasn't even close to slowing [their careers] down."[14][15]

Just weeks prior to the release of their album, John left the group because he felt that it was "taking up too much of [his] life."[4] When Bruce and Utsler attempted to call a meeting to talk about the issues, John did not attend.[4] Carnival of Carnage was released on October 18, 1992, with distribution within a Template:Convert/mi radius of Detroit.[3] Carnival of Carnage sold 17 copies on its release date.[16] The number would become a reoccurring theme in Insane Clown Posse's work throughout much of the following decade. A condensed extended play featuring tracks from Carnival of Carnage was pressed on vinyl in hopes that DJs would play the songs in Detroit-area nightclubs.[1]


 Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic Star fullStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg[17]
Martin Charles Strong Star fullStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg[18]
Rolling Stone Star fullStar empty.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg[19]

Although Carnival of Carnage was not reviewed at the time of its release, later reviews of the album have been unfavorable. Allmusic's Erlewine gave the album three out of five stars, comparing the group's performance on the album to "a third-rate Beastie Boys supported by a cut-rate Faith No More, all tempered with the sensibility that made GWAR cult heroes—only with [...] more sexism and jokes that are supposed to be street, but wind up sounding racist", but stating that the album would appeal to fans of the group.[17] In The Great Rock Discography, Martin Charles Strong gave the album four out of ten stars.[18] The album received one star out of five in The New Rolling Stone Album Guide, in which Sisario panned it, along with the rest of the group's discography as "gangsta-inspired wigga posturing".[19]


During a live performance of the song "The Juggla" in 1994, Bruce addressed the audience as Juggalos, and the positive response resulted in the group using the word thereafter.[20] The word has been the subject of criticism from both Ben Sisario of Rolling Stone and Allmusic reviewer Stephen Thomas Erlewine, who suggested the term is similar to the racial slur jigaboo.[17][19] In 1998, the album was reissued by Island Records without the tracks "Blackin' Your Eyes" and "Night of the Axe."[21] The original version continues to be sold by Psychopathic Records.[22] By 2010, the album had sold well enough to become eligible for gold certification by the RIAA.[23]

Track listingEdit

PSY 1004
# TitleWriter(s)Producer(s) Length
1. "Intro"     1:20
2. "Carnival of Carnage"  Joseph Bruce and Esham A. SmithJoseph Bruce and Esham A. Smith 2:33
3. "The Juggla"  J. BruceMike Clark and Joseph Bruce 4:55
4. "First Day Out"  J. Bruce and Joseph UtslerMike Clark and Joseph Bruce 4:21
5. "Red Neck Hoe"  J. Bruce and UtslerChuck Miller and Joseph Bruce 4:50
6. "Wizard of the Hood"  J. Bruce and UtslerChuck Miller and Joseph Bruce 5:24
7. "Guts on the Ceiling"  J. BruceMike Clark and Joseph Bruce 4:25
8. "Is That You?" (featuring Kid Rock)J. Bruce and R. RitchieMike Clark and R. Ritchie 4:34
9. "Night of the Axe"  J. BruceChuck Miller and Joseph Bruce 5:00
10. "Psychopathic"  J. BruceChuck Miller and Joseph Bruce 4:43
11. "Blackin' Your Eyes"  J. Bruce and UtslerEsham A. Smith and Joseph Bruce 4:40
12. "Never Had it Made"  J. BruceMike Clark, Joseph Bruce, and Esham A. Smith 5:45
13. "Your Rebel Flag"  J. Bruce and UtslerChuck Miller and Joseph Bruce 4:24
14. "Ghetto Freak Show"  J. BruceEsham A. Smith and Joseph Bruce 4:14
15. "Taste" (featuring Jumpsteady, Capitol E., Nate The Mack and Esham)J. Bruce, Robert Bruce, Utsler, Nathan Williams, Capitol E., and SmithMike Clark and Joseph Bruce 5:09


  • Violent J – vocals
  • 2 Dope – vocals, scratching
  • John Kickjazz – vocals
  • Nate The Mack – guest vocals
  • Kid Rock – guest vocals, scratching
  • Capitol E – guest vocals
  • Jumpsteady – guest vocals
  • Esham – guest vocals, production
  • Mike E. Clark – production
  • Chuck Miller - production


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Bruce, Joseph; Hobey Echlin. "Complete Discography". in Nathan Fostey. ICP: Behind the Paint (second ed.). Royal Oak, Michigan: Psychopathic Records. pp. 539–542. ISBN 09741846083. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Bruce, Joseph; Hobey Echlin. "The Dark Carnival". in Nathan Fostey. ICP: Behind the Paint (second ed.). Royal Oak, Michigan: Psychopathic Records. pp. 151–185. ISBN 09741846083. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Bruce, Joseph; Hobey Echlin. "The Broken Path of a Dream". in Nathan Fostey. ICP: Behind the Paint (second ed.). Royal Oak, Michigan: Psychopathic Records. pp. 188–208. ISBN 09741846083. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 Bruce, Joseph; Hobey Echlin. "The Broken Path of a Dream". in Nathan Fostey. ICP: Behind the Paint (2nd Edition ed.). Royal Oak, Michigan: Psychopathic Records. pp. 189–208. ISBN 09741846083. 
  5. McIver, Joel (2002). Nu-metal: The Next Generation of Rock & Punk. Omnibus Press. pp. 64. ISBN 0711992096. 
  6. Bruce, Joseph; Hobey Echlin. "The Dark Carnival". in Nathan Fostey. ICP: Behind the Paint (second ed.). Royal Oak, Michigan: Psychopathic Records. pp. 174–185. ISBN 09741846083. 
  7. Friedman, David (November 2009). "Juggalos". Murder Dog. pp. 192–198. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Phoebus Apollo (2004-01-22). "An Intelligent Look at the Insane Clown Posse". phoebus apollo. Retrieved on 2009-11-25.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Insane Clown Posse (1992). Carnival of Carnage. Liner notes. Psychopathic Records. ISBN 7356504100424
  10. "Insane Clown Posse". The Breaks. Retrieved on 7 April 2010.
  11. Bruce, Joseph; Hobey Echlin. "The Floobs". in Nathan Fostey. ICP: Behind the Paint (second ed.). Royal Oak, Michigan: Psychopathic Records. pp. 43–47. ISBN 09741846083. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 Bruce, Joseph; Hobey Echlin (2003). "Rude Boy and the Magical Land of Toxic Waste". in Nathan Fostey. ICP: Behind the Paint (2nd ed.). Royal Oak, Michigan: Psychopathic Records. pp. 106–119. ISBN 09741846083. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Bruce, Joseph; Hobey Echlin. "Paying Dues". in Nathan Fostey. ICP: Behind the Paint (2nd Edition ed.). Royal Oak, Michigan: Psychopathic Records. pp. 151–155. ISBN 09741846083. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Brant, Marley (2004). Tales from the Rock 'n' Roll Highway. Billboard Books. pp. 43–52. ISBN 082308437X. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 Bruce, Joseph; Hobey Echlin. "Paying Dues". in Nathan Fostey. ICP: Behind the Paint (second ed.). Royal Oak, Michigan: Psychopathic Records. pp. 164–167. ISBN 09741846083. 
  16. Bruce, Joseph.. ICP seminar from the Gathering of the Juggalos. [DVD]. Psychopathic Records. ISBN 822489991224. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 All Music Guide to Hip-Hop: The Definitive Guide to Rap & Hip-hop. Backbeat Books. 2003. pp. 229–231. ISBN 0879307595. 
  18. 18.0 18.1 Strong, Martin Charles (2004). "Insane Clown Posse". The Great Rock Discography (7th ed.). Canongate. p. 733. ISBN 1841956155. 
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 Brackett, Nathan, ed (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon and Schuster. pp. 405–6. ISBN 0743201698. 
  20. Bruce, Joseph; Hobey Echlin. "Ringmaster's Word". in Nathan Fostey. ICP: Behind the Paint (2nd Edition ed.). Royal Oak, Michigan: Psychopathic Records. pp. 237–238. ISBN 09741846083. 
  21. Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Overview for Carnival of Carnage". Allmusic. Retrieved on 19 February 2010.
  22. "CD - ICP - Carnival of Carnage OG". Psychopathic Records. Retrieved on 2009-02-04.
  23. "Fontana Partners With Psychopathic Records". PR Newswire Association LLC (February 17, 2010). Retrieved on 20 February 2010.